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 Unilateral or bilateral

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Pete
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PostSubject: Unilateral or bilateral   Tue May 10, 2011 4:05 am

I thought I'd mention this study...it may come up & so I thought I'd bring up a few points that spring to mind. It covers the hormone respones to single limb training Vs training both limbs at once. I suspect this study will be mentioned as a method to attack single limb training when infact it really can't be used. The protocol was either to train one limb (the dominant limb) or both limbs, this does happen in physio work, but in the gym you never train only one limb, you always train both either together or one at a time...so this piece of research, while useful to those in the health field is pretty much useless to us as athletes as we always train both limbs in a session.
Anyway I thought it would be of use to just so, when it's mentioned you can point out the obvious flaw in the study when it comes to us as trainees. Basivally the results are that you get larger hormone responses using both limbs than using one (as I said they only tested using ONE limb, not both one at a time).

Here's the abstract:

Quote :
http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/19816216

J Strength Cond Res. 2010 Jan;24(1):128-34.
Endocrine response patterns to acute unilateral and bilateral resistance exercise in men.
Migiano MJ, Vingren JL, Volek JS, Maresh CM, Fragala MS, Ho JY, Thomas GA, Hatfield DL, Häkkinen K, Ahtiainen J, Earp JE, Kraemer WJ.
Source

Human Performance Laboratory, Department of Kinesiology, University of Connecticut, Storrs, Connecticut, USA.
Abstract

Rehabilitation programs and research experiments use single-arm protocols in which the contralateral arm is not functional or used as a control limb. This study was interested in determining the hormonal signal impacts of such one- versus two-arm exercise responses that might have an impact on adaptational changes with training. The purpose was to examine the acute hormonal responses to a unilateral and a bilateral upper-body resistance exercise (RE) protocol. A balanced randomized treatment intervention with series time frame for blood collections before and after exercise was used as the basic experimental design. Ten recreationally resistance trained men (18-25 years, 20.4 +/- 1.2 years, 175.6 +/- 4.5 cm, 81.7 +/- 9.3 kg) gave informed consent to participate in the investigation. Each subject performed unilateral (dominant arm only) and bilateral upper-body RE protocol separated by 1 week in a balanced randomized fashion. The RE protocol consisted of 3 sets of 10 repetitions of 5 different dumbbell upper-body exercises at 80% of 1-repetition maximum, and blood samples were obtained before and 5, 15, and 30 minutes immediately postexercise (IP). Blood was obtained and analyzed for lactate, immunoreactive growth hormone (iGH), cortisol (C), total testosterone (T), and insulin concentrations. Total volume of work also was determined for the 2 exercise sessions. Total volume of work performed during the unilateral protocol was 52.1% of that for the bilateral protocol. Both RE protocols elicited a significant (p < or = 0.05) increase in lactate and iGH, but the increase for the bilateral condition was significantly greater. Cortisol decreased significantly during recovery for the unilateral condition. Testosterone was not affected by either protocol. Insulin was significantly increased at IP and 5 minutes postexercise for both conditions.These results indicate that the hormonal responses to dominant-arm unilateral RE is blunted compared to that for bilateral RE. This differential endocrine response is likely a result of the difference in volume between the protocols. It is important to pay attention to the amount of muscle mass utilized in a resistance exercise protocol to optimize endocrine signaling.
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PostSubject: Re: Unilateral or bilateral   Tue May 17, 2011 9:07 am

But was the hormonal response greater than 50% for the unilateral training? If so, that would suggest alternating days unilaterally might result in greater hormonal response and perhaps be superior. At least that's what I read in a book more than a decade ago. (I think the effect would still be so slight as to not be worth the bother. It was mentioned as maybe a good idea for baseball pitchers...)
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